1972 Addis Ababa Agreement

The Addis Ababa Agreement, also known as the Addis Ababa Agreement, was a series of compromises under a 1972 treaty that ended fighting in Sudan (1955-1972) in Sudan. The Addis Ababa agreements have been incorporated into Sudan`s constitution. Page 262 Note 2 The Palestine Liberation Organization opened its office in Khartoum in 1961 and received a $50,000 gift in 1967. Although it was permitted to be broadcast as the voice of Palestine by Omdurman radio, this authorization was withdrawn after opposition to the Egyptian adoption of the UN Security Council resolution on Palestine in November 1967 and Rodgers` proposals in July 1970, a position supported by Sudan. This transfer did not resume, but in January 1971, a gift from S40,000 to the P.L.O. In 1972, in the face of the lowest relations in relations between Sudan and Egypt, the President reaffirmed the support of Sudanese commandos and criticized him for its setbacks due to the fact that the Arab states bordering Israel had hindered their free work. Page 252 Note 4 Khalid, Mansour, Hawar ma Al Safwa (Khartoum, 1972), p. 46, translated from Arabic. In 1971, the South Sudanese rebels, formerly composed of several independent commandos, were brought together under the leadership of General Joseph Lagu, who, under his leadership, united both anya Nya`s combat units and their political wing, the South Sudan Liberation Movement (SSLM). In 1971, as General Lagu`s representative, the SSLM spoke with the Sudanese government on proposals for regional autonomy and cessation of hostilities.

These discussions culminated in the signing of the Addis Ababa Agreement on 27 February 1972. The agreement ended 17 years of conflict between Anya Nya and the Sudanese army and launched autonomy for the southern region, which was no longer to be divided between the three provinces of Al-Istiw`iyyah (Equatoria), Baar al-Ghazel and A`l al-Nel (Upper Nile). The affairs of the region would be controlled by a separate legislative and executive body and Anya Nya`s soldiers would be integrated into the Sudanese army and police. The Addis Ababa agreement brought Nimeiri prestige abroad and popularity in his own country. Direct negotiations between the Sudanese government and the South Sudan Liberation Movement (SSLM) in Addis Ababa were preceded in 1971 by a series of discussions through the Conference of African Churches (AACC) and the World Council of Churches (WCC). In 1972, Abel Alier chaired the Sudanese government delegation to Addis Ababa. Bceoni Mondiri led the delegation of the South Sudan Liberation Movement (SSLM). [1] The negotiations were moderated by Burgess Carr, then Secretary General of the Conference of Churches of Africa. [2] … signed the Addis Ababa Agreement on 27 February 1972. The agreement ended 17 years of conflict between Anya Nya and the Sudanese army and launched autonomy for the southern region, which is no longer in the three provinces of Al-Istiw`iyyah (Equatoria), Baar al-Ghazl and… Page 263 Note 1 Babikir Awadallah, born in 1917, was Prime Minister, May-October 1969; Minister of Foreign Affairs, May 1969-July 1970; Minister of Justice, October 1969/71 and Deputy Prime Minister, June 1970/71; And vice-president, October 1971-May 1972, when he resigned during a trip to Cairo.