Israel viewed the Palestinian agreement with caution and said it must respect previous international agreements and conditions set by the quartet of Middle East peace mediators, including the recognition of Israel and the disarmament of Hamas. Despite the notified agreement on the Rafah crossing, it is unlikely to make a big difference in practice for goods arriving in Gaza from Egypt, while heavy goods traffic in northern Sinai remains limited by the Egyptian army due to the continuing security crisis. Under the agreement, the West Bank-based Palestinian Authority is expected to regain full control of the Hamas-controlled Gaza Strip by December 1, according to Egyptian intelligence. According to reports, the agreement would also lead Palestinian Authority forces to take control of the Rafah crossing between Gaza and Egypt. (6) A meeting will be held on 14 November 2017 for all Palestinian factions that signed the agreement on the “Palestinian National Agreement” on 4 May 2011 to discuss all voting points set out in the agreement. And for Mahmoud Abbas, president of the 82-year-old Palestinian Authority, in the dubious years of his reign, after years of abhorrent failure to negotiate a peace settlement with Israel, this could come down to a moment of salvation. Although he was not in Cairo, Abbas gave his blessing to the agreement, which he described as a “final agreement,” according to Agence France-Presse. Hopes for the agreement, signed under the watchful eye of Egypt`s secret services, have been tempered by the awareness of the failure of many previous Palestinian initiatives. Nevertheless, the optimism is that this period could be different, not least because the commitment is much higher.
Fatah`s chief negotiator, Azzam al-Ahmad, said the plan was to “continue to implement all clauses of the agreement, especially those related to the resolution of the [Gaza] personnel crisis.” Hamas` approval to transfer administrative powers in Gaza to a Fatah-backed government marked a major U-turn, in part because of fears of financial and political isolation, after its main patron and donor to Qatar was plunged into a major diplomatic feud in June with key allies such as Saudi Arabia. They accuse Qatar of supporting Islamist militants, which it denies. The 2017 Fatah-Hamas Agreement is a reconciliation agreement signed on October 12, 2017 between Fatah and Hamas. The agreement was negotiated by Egypt and signed in Cairo. The agreement was signed by the head of Fatah`s delegation Azzam al-Ahmad and the deputy head of Hamas` political bureau, Salah al-Arouri.  When the leaders of Hamas and Fatah signed the 2011 agreement, Abbas said, “We have turned the black side of the division forever.” But the agreement quickly failed because of Opposition from Israel, which he denounced as a “victory for terrorism”. In response to Thursday`s announcement, an Israeli government official said that any unification agreement should “include a commitment to international agreements,” adding that Hamas must disarm and recognize Israel. Both sides called the agreement a major step forward. 1.
Completion of procedures allowing the Government of National Reconciliation (Palestinian Authority) to fully exercise its functions in both Gaza and the West Bank by 1 December 2017. Fatah and Hamas held a series of meetings in Cairo on 10 and 11 October 2017 under the auspices of Egypt to discuss issues of national reconciliation.