The scope of these agreements is essentially limited to trade in goods and a number of bilateral negotiations are under way or are being prepared for further association agreements. These ongoing or upcoming negotiations are linked to further liberalisation of agricultural trade, liberalisation of trade in services, accreditation and acceptance of industrial products and convergence of legislation. Decisions conclude the agreements on behalf of the EU. In recent history, these agreements have been signed within the framework of two EU policies: the Stabilisation and Association Process (SAp) and the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP). Trade agreements between the EU and other countries or free trade zones have different implications for national economies. The agricultural industry is most affected when regional farms face competition from large producers who have access to markets in the event of lower tariffs. In major agreements such as the AA with Mercosur, European countries are significantly opposed to cheaper imports of meat and other products.  However, for the automotive and export manufacturing industries, which generally include larger global groups, significant increases in volume are evident for more industrialized members of trade.  3As stated in the Barcelona Declaration, the objective of a thorough and comprehensive CEMTA should be gradually achieved.  We identify three steps in this process that are not necessarily sequential, but can be followed at the same time.
Firstly, it was envisaged to conclude bilateral free trade agreements between the EU and the various ACTs, which cover tariff and non-tariff barriers for industrial products and the gradual liberalisation of agricultural products and services, with due account of multilateral trade negotiations. Second, regional trade cooperation has been provided for through the conclusion of free trade agreements between CN. The Barcelona Declaration does not explicitly specify how these bilateral agreements would lead to a free trade area. However, he stressed the importance of rules of origin and other non-tariff barriers as technical standards, intellectual property rights and competition as an important third implicit step in the completion of CEMTA.  In this section, we will review these three steps and assess progress. 7200, the Council has decided to start negotiations on the liberalisation of agricultural products with the MDCs. The development of the situation at the international level has stimulated this reflection with a view to opening up market access on the European side. During the WTO negotiations between Uruguay (1986-1994) and the Doha Round (2001), the EU has already had to make some important concessions on agricultural trade. Pending a further increase in imports of agricultural products from third countries, the EU reformed its Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) in 2003 and 2004.